Civil service in India is regarded as steel-frame and the back bone of the
administration in the country. This thought was given due importance by the framers of
the Constitution and they thought it essential to provide for an Institution which could be
given the responsibilities of, selecting suitable candidates in a fair and transparent
manner who would man civil posts at various levels of the administration in the country.
Accordingly, Article 315 of the Constitution of India provided for a Public Service
Commission for the Union and a Public Service Commission for each State.
The framers of the Constitution had thus envisaged the Public service Commission
as an independent body and expected it to function in fair and transparent manner. To
insulate the Commission from adverse influences from any quarters , the Constitution further
provided numerous protective provisions .These provisions can be summarised as under:-
(a) Very experienced persons are appointed as Chairman and/or Members of
State Commissions for a limited period. by the Governor of the respective
States and they can only be removed from office by order of the President
on the ground of misbehaviour after the Supreme Court, on reference
being made to it by the President, has, on inquiry held accordance, with
the prescribed procedure, reported that the Chairman or such other
member, as the case may be, ought on any such ground to be removed.
(b) The conditions of service of Chairman or a Member cannot be varied to
his disadvantage after his appointment, A Chairman or a Member of a
State Public service Commission is not eligible for any other employment
undera State Government or Central Government except as Chairman or
member of Union Public Service Commission.
(c) The expenses of the State Public Service Commission including any salaries,
allowances and pension payable to or in respect of any member or the staff
of the Commission are charged on'the Consolidated Fund of the State.
(d) The Annual Report of a Commission together with a memorandum
explaining the reason for none acceptance of the recommendation of the
Commission, if any, is laid before the State Legislature.
Sikkim Public service Commission, like any other State Public service Commissions
in the country , is created under the same provisions of the Constitution of India as
discussed above . It was constituted in the year 1983 with the appointment of its first
Chairman . No member except the Chairman was appointed at that time . Thus the